Constipation – Symptoms, causes, home Treatment and Prevention

Constipation is a prevalent health concern that impacts individuals of all age groups. Primarily characterized by infrequent bowel movements or difficulty in passing stools, constipation can be a temporary condition or a chronic problem. It can result from a variety of factors including a diet low in fiber, inadequate hydration, lack of physical activity, certain medications, or underlying medical conditions. This document aims to provide an overview of the symptoms and causes of constipation, along with home treatments and prevention strategies to help manage this condition.

What Is Constipation?

Constipation is a condition in which an individual experiences difficulty in passing stools or has infrequent bowel movements. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, constipation is defined as having less than three bowel movements per week. Pain can manifest as acute, lasting for a brief period, or chronic, persisting for weeks or even longer.

Symptoms of Constipation

The most common symptoms of constipation include:

  • Infrequent bowel movements (less than three times a week)
  • Difficulty in passing stools
  • Hard or lumpy stools
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Feeling of incomplete evacuation after passing stools

Other less common symptoms may include abdominal discomfort, bloating, and decreased appetite. In severe cases, constipation may also cause rectal bleeding or hemorrhoids due to straining during bowel movements.


Constipation can have various underlying causes, including:

  • Low fiber diet: Consuming a diet low in fiber can result in constipation as fiber helps add bulk to stool and promotes regularity.
  • Inadequate hydration: Dehydration can lead to hard and dry stools, making them difficult to pass.
  • Lack of physical activity: Regular exercise helps stimulate the digestive system and promotes regular bowel movements. Leading a sedentary lifestyle can contribute to the development of constipation.
  • Certain medications: Certain medications, including painkillers, antidepressants, and iron supplements, have the potential to induce constipation.
  • Underlying medical conditions: Constipation can be a symptom of certain medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, irritable bowel syndrome, or diabetes.

Home Treatment

In most cases, constipation can be relieved with simple home treatments. These include:

  • Increasing fiber intake: Adding more high-fiber foods to the diet, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, can help soften stools and promote regular bowel movements.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids: Staying hydrated is crucial for maintaining regularity. It is recommended to drink at least eight glasses of water a day.
  • Regular exercise: Engaging in physical activity, such as walking or jogging, can help stimulate the digestive system and relieve constipation.
  • Over-the-counter laxatives: In cases where home remedies are not effective, over-the-counter laxatives can provide short-term relief. However, it is essential to use them only as directed and consult a doctor if constipation persists.


Constipation can be prevented by incorporating healthy habits into one’s lifestyle. Some preventive measures include:

  • Eating a high-fiber diet: Consuming a diet rich in fiber can help maintain regularity and prevent constipation.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids: It is essential to stay hydrated by drinking water and other healthy beverages throughout the day.
  • Regular exercise: Incorporating physical activity into one’s routine can help keep the digestive system functioning properly.
  • Avoiding excessive use of laxatives: Overuse or misuse of laxatives can cause dependence and worsen constipation.
  • Managing stress: Stress can affect the digestive system and contribute to constipation. Incorporating relaxation techniques like yoga or meditation into your routine can effectively alleviate and manage stress levels.

When to See a Doctor

While occasional constipation is common and usually resolves with home remedies, it is essential to consult a doctor if it persists for more than three weeks. A doctor may perform a physical exam and recommend further tests to determine the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment. Additionally, if constipation is accompanied by severe abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, or unexplained weight loss, it is crucial to seek medical attention immediately.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can constipation occur in children?

Yes, constipation can occur in children. It is common for infants and toddlers to experience constipation due to their developing digestive system or changes in their diet. In older children, it may be a result of inadequate hydration or lack of fiber intake.

Are there any dietary choices that can help relieve constipation?

Yes, certain foods can help relieve constipation. Prunes, apples, pears, kiwi, and flaxseeds are rich in fiber and known to aid digestion.

Is it normal to experience constipation during pregnancy?

Constipation is common during pregnancy due to hormonal changes and pressure on the digestive system from the growing baby. However, it is essential to consult a doctor before taking any medication or laxatives while pregnant.


Constipation can be a bothersome condition, but it is usually temporary and can be relieved with simple home treatments. However, if constipation persists or is accompanied by severe symptoms, it is crucial to consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. By incorporating healthy habits into our lifestyle, we can prevent it and maintain regularity in bowel movements. So, it is important to eat a balanced diet, stay hydrated, and engage in regular physical activity to keep our digestive system functioning properly. With these measures, we can effectively manage constipation and improve our overall health and well-being.

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This site provides educational information only. It is important not to depend on any content here in place of professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Similarly, it should not replace professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any health concerns or questions, always seek guidance from a physician or another healthcare professional.