Psoriasis: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Diagnosis and Treatments

Psoriasis is a pervasive, chronic skin condition affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Characterized by red, flaky patches known as plaques, this autoimmune disease not only affects physical health but also significantly impacts the psychological well-being of those afflicted. It is a non-contagious condition with varying degrees of severity, which may often be associated with other serious health conditions. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of psoriasis, including its causes, symptoms, types, diagnosis, and treatment options. Join us as we delve into the world of psoriasis, shedding light on this complex health issue and offering guidance for those affected by it.

What Causes Psoriasis?

The exact cause of psoriasis is yet to be fully understood; however, researchers believe that a combination of genetic and environmental factors may contribute to its development. Certain genes have been identified as potential risk factors for developing psoriasis, with some individuals having a family history of the disease. Environmental triggers such as stress, infection, injury, or certain medications can also aggravate or trigger psoriasis flare-ups. The immune system is also thought to play a significant role in the development of psoriasis, as it mistakenly attacks healthy skin cells, causing rapid turnover and buildup of cells on the skin’s surface.

Common Symptoms of Psoriasis

Psoriasis typically manifests in a variety of symptoms that can vary based on the type and severity of the condition. Common symptoms generally include:

  • Red, raised, inflamed patches of skin
  • White or silver scaly plaques on the red patches
  • Dry skin that may crack and bleed
  • Soreness around patches
  • Itching and burning sensations around patches
  • Thick, pitted nails
  • Painful, swollen joints in cases of psoriatic arthritis

It’s important to note that symptoms can differ from person to person and not everyone will experience all the symptoms listed above. Psoriasis can also go through cycles, flaring for a few weeks or months, then subsiding for a time, or even going into complete remission.

Types of Psoriasis

There are several types of psoriasis, each with its own distinct characteristics and patterns on the skin. These include:

  • Plaque psoriasis: The most common type, characterized by red, raised plaques covered with silver-white scales.
  • Guttate psoriasis: Occurs in small, red spots on the skin and is often triggered by a bacterial or viral infection.
  • Inverse psoriasis: Found in the folds of the skin, such as armpits, groin, and under breasts. It appears as smooth, shiny red patches.
  • Pustular psoriasis: Presents as pus-filled blisters surrounded by red skin and can triggered by certain medications, infections, or stress.
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis: The least common but most severe form of psoriasis. It covers large areas of the body with a fiery redness and shedding of scales in sheets.
  • Psoriatic arthritis: A type of inflammatory arthritis that affects up to 30% of people with psoriasis, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness in joints.

Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Diagnosing psoriasis usually involves a physical examination by a dermatologist or other healthcare professional. In some cases, a skin biopsy may required to confirm the diagnosis or rule out other conditions.

While there is no cure for psoriasis, several treatment options are available to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

Treatment options for psoriasis include:

  • Topical treatments: These usually the first line of defense and include ointments, creams, lotions, and shampoos that applied directly to the skin. They can help to reduce inflammation, slow down the excessive growth of skin cells, and soothe the skin.
  • Phototherapy or Light therapy: This treatment involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet light under medical supervision. It can help to slow down the rapid growth of skin cells, thus alleviating psoriasis symptoms.
  • Systemic medications: These are prescription drugs that are taken orally or injected and work throughout the body. They generally used for moderate to severe psoriasis or in cases where topicals and light therapy have not been effective.
  • Biologic drugs: These are a type of systemic treatment that specifically targets parts of the immune system to help control psoriasis.

Remember, treatment plans can vary depending on the individual’s age, overall health, type and severity of psoriasis. It’s important to discuss with a healthcare professional to find the most suitable treatment option. Lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, minimizing stress, and avoiding triggers can also help in managing psoriasis effectively.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is psoriasis contagious?

No, psoriasis is not a contagious condition. It cannot spread from person to person through physical contact.

Can children develop psoriasis?

Yes, although rare, children and infants can also develop psoriasis. In such cases, it is important to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Can psoriasis be cured?

At the moment, there is no known cure for psoriasis. However, with proper management and treatment, symptoms can controlled and even put into remission.

Is it safe to use makeup or skincare products if I have psoriasis?

It’s important to choose makeup and skincare products that are specifically formulated for sensitive skin or approved by dermatologists. Additionally, patch testing before use is recommended to ensure that the product does not aggravate your psoriasis symptoms.

Are there any natural remedies for psoriasis?

Some people have found relief from using natural remedies such as aloe vera, turmeric, and fish oil supplements. However, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before trying any natural remedies to ensure they will not interfere with any current treatments or medications. Overall, the most important factor in managing psoriasis is finding a treatment plan that works best for you, so be sure to work closely with your healthcare team to find the right approach.


Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Though there is no cure, there are various treatment options available to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. It’s important to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment, as well as make lifestyle modifications to effectively manage the condition. Remember, everyone’s experience with psoriasis is unique, so finding a personalized treatment plan with the help of healthcare professionals is crucial in managing this condition successfully.

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