To promote a long and healthy life, women must ensure they consume these 9 essential nutrients.

To maintain good health and longevity, women must have a diet that is abundant in essential nutrients. This becomes even more important considering the various health challenges women face throughout their lives, such as menstruation, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause.

According to Dr. T. Rajeshwari Reddy, a Senior Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynecology as well as an endoscopic Surgeon in Hyderabad, women of all ages require important nutritional elements. As per the Health Shots website, here are the key elements to consider:

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1 – Folic acid

Incorporating this essential nutrient into a woman’s daily diet is crucial for enhancing heart health, and nerve function, and addressing concerns related to skin, eye, digestion, circulation, and energy production.

During pregnancy, doctors recommend that women incorporate folic acid into their daily routine, as it has the potential to decrease the likelihood of birth defects in children.

Folic acid can also be obtained by consuming leafy vegetables, legumes, fortified grains, and citrus fruits. It is advisable to consult a doctor before adding folic acid supplements to your diet.

2- Calcium

Calcium plays a crucial role in preserving strong bones and teeth. As women grow older, they confront an increased susceptibility to osteoporosis, a condition that renders bones brittle and weak.

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Hence, women must ensure sufficient calcium intake at every stage of life. Calcium-rich foods like milk, yogurt, cheese, and leafy greens such as cabbage and spinach provide an excellent source of this vital nutrient.

Milk is rich in calcium
Milk is rich in calcium

3- Vitamin D

Vitamin D plays a crucial role in a woman’s body, promoting calcium absorption, supporting immune function, and contributing to overall health. It functions as a hormone, exerting its beneficial effects throughout the body.

To boost vitamin D levels, consider basking under the morning or late afternoon sun. Additionally, incorporating dairy products and fatty fish into your diet can also be beneficial.

4 – Iron

Iron is a vital nutrient that plays a crucial role in maintaining optimal blood health and preventing anemia.

Improper consumption of iron can lead to fatigue and severe weakness. Experts recommend pairing iron intake with vitamin C-rich foods to enhance absorption and digestion. Iron can be found in lean red meat, poultry, fish, and beans.

5- Omega-3 acids

Consuming omega-3 fatty acids is crucial for promoting cardiovascular well-being and mitigating the risk of heart disease, the primary cause of mortality in women.

Sources such as ghee, avocado, walnuts, chia seeds, and olive oil are rich in omega-3 fatty acids.

6 – Protein

Protein is a crucial component of life, serving as a fundamental building block. It plays a vital role in maintaining muscle mass, supporting immune function, and facilitating tissue repair.

Proper protein consumption is crucial for women of all ages to support their overall health. Including protein-rich foods in their diet such as lean meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, lentils, and tofu is highly beneficial.

7- Vitamin C

vitamin C
Collagen production greatly relies on the essential role of vitamin C

Vitamin C, scientifically referred to as ascorbic acid, is a potent antioxidant that serves a multitude of pivotal functions in maintaining optimal women’s health.

Vitamin C plays a crucial role in promoting collagen production, benefiting the health of the skin and aiding in wound healing. Additionally, it enhances the absorption of iron, making it particularly advantageous for women with iron deficiency anemia. You can find ample amounts of vitamin C in citrus fruits, strawberries, sweet peppers, and broccoli.

8 – Fiber

Fiber is a nutritional powerhouse that offers numerous benefits for women of all ages. It plays a crucial role in maintaining healthy body weight, promoting digestion, and reducing the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Incorporating fiber-rich foods into your diet can greatly contribute to your overall well-being and longevity.

Fiber can be found in a variety of sources such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, and nuts.

9- Potassium

Potassium, an electrolyte, plays a vital role in regulating blood pressure and maintaining muscle and nerve health. Consuming an adequate amount of potassium can effectively lower the risk of high blood pressure and stroke.

Bananas, oranges, potatoes, spinach, and beans are rich sources of potassium. Balancing the intake of potassium and sodium is crucial for maintaining optimal blood pressure control.

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