Orthodontia: Everything You Need to Know!

Orthodontia, often referred to as orthodontics, is a specialized field of dentistry that focuses on diagnosing, preventing, and treating malpositioned teeth and jaws. This branch extends beyond enhancing an individual’s smile; it plays a critical role in improving oral health and function. Misaligned teeth can lead to an array of problems, including difficulties in maintaining proper oral hygiene, speech issues, and chewing difficulties. Orthodontia helps to rectify these problems, leading to improved self-esteem and quality of life. In this guide, we will explore the world of orthodontia in-depth.

Types of Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontic treatment can divided into two categories: fixed and removable appliances. Fixed appliances are attached to the teeth and cannot removed by the patient, while removable appliances can be taken out by the individual.

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Fixed Appliances

  • Braces: Braces are the most commonly used orthodontic appliance. They consist of brackets, wires, and bands that are attached to the teeth and gradually shift them into the desired position.
  • Lingual Braces: Lingual braces work similarly to traditional braces but are placed on the backside of the teeth instead of the front. This makes them virtually invisible, making them a popular choice for adults.
  • Self-Ligating Braces: These braces use clips instead of elastic bands to hold the wire in place, resulting in less friction and faster treatment.
  • Palatal Expanders: This appliance is used to expand the upper jaw and create more space for teeth. It consists of a plastic plate that fits over the roof of the mouth and expands upon activation.

Removable Appliances

  • Aligners: Invisalign, along with other aligners, has emerged as a widely favored option instead of traditional braces. They consist of a series of clear trays that gradually shift the teeth into place.
  • Retainers: Retainers used after orthodontic treatment to prevent teeth from shifting back to their original position.

Orthodontia for Children

Orthodontic problems can inherited or caused by habits such as thumb sucking and tongue thrusting. Therefore, the American Association of Orthodontists recommends that children have their first orthodontic check-up by the age of seven. Early intervention can prevent more severe problems in the future.

Orthodontia for Adults

Many adults believe that braces are only for children and teenagers. However, with advancements in orthodontic technology, adults can also benefit from treatment. In fact, a growing number of adults are seeking orthodontic treatment to improve their oral health and appearance.

How to Choose an Orthodontist

Choosing the right orthodontist is crucial for successful treatment. Here are a few things to consider when making your decision:

  • Qualifications: Make sure the orthodontist is a licensed specialist who has completed an accredited orthodontic program.
  • Experience: Ask about the orthodontist’s experience and success rates with similar cases.
  • Treatment Options: Inquire about the different treatment options available and which one the orthodontist recommends for your specific case.


Orthodontia offers numerous benefits, including improved oral health, function, and confidence. Whether you are considering treatment for yourself or your child, it is essential to consult with a specialist and determine the best course of action. With proper care and maintenance, orthodontic treatment can result in a beautiful and healthy smile that lasts a lifetime! For more information on orthodontia, visit your local orthodontist today.

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